KNOW - how likely the benefits and harms are

Why knowing how likely the benefits and harms are is important:

Knowing how likely the benefits and harms are of a treatment you may undergo is important, as any treatment is almost never 100% successful.

It is important your doctor tells you how likely the benefits are.

For example, when deciding whether to take antibiotics for an ear infection it matters if your infection is from a virus or bacteria. If it is from a virus the benefit of taking antibiotics is almost zero.

Also if you are making decisions where lifestyle changes are an option. This might be you thinking about having a knee joint replacement.

If you are overweight the likelihood of a successful joint replacement is less if you don’t lose some weight before you have surgery. Just losing weight and building muscle can mean you don’t need the surgery.

Knowing information that may influence a decision you may make is key. Asking questions, sharing information about yourself by discussing your individual lifestyle, preferences and needs and then knowing the information you need to make an informed decision, is the goal.

The more a part of the decision you are, the more likely you are to succeed in getting the benefits of that treatment.